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Titre: Les avancées de l’intelligence artificielle

Auteurs: Olivier Ezratty

Ecole: Néant

Résumé: Cet ebook est une compilation de neuf articles sur les Avancées de l’Intelligence Ar-tificielle publiés entre mars et mai 2016 sur le blog Opinions Libres. Ces articles avaient comme ambition de décortiquer l’état de l’art de l’intelligence artificielle en grattant derrière les effets d’annonces, notamment autour de la victoire de Deep Mind contre le champion du monde du jeu de Go.

Ils ne prétendent pas remplacer un ouvrage de référence sur l’intelligence artificielle. Il y en a plein, notamment dans l’édition américaine. Certains de ces ouvrages sont évoqués dans ce document. Nombreux sont ceux qui racontent à leur manière l’histoire de l’intelligence artificielle, avec ses hauts et ses bas, depuis sa naissance pendant les années 1950. Nous sommes actuellement dans une période « haute ».

Mes articles ont évolué après leur publication, comme des sables mouvants. Notam-ment ceux qui concernent les startups de l’intelligence artificielle que j’ai pu complé-ter au fil de l’eau et des sollicitations. Au gré de mes lectures, j’ai complété et affiné le texte.

Extrait du sommaire:

Introduction 5
Sémantique et questions clés 7
Les craintes sur l’intelligence artificielle 7
Grandes questions sur l’intelligence artificielle 9
Qu’est-ce que l’intelligence artificielle ? 10
De l’IA faible à l’IA forte 11
L’IA permettrait d’atteindre l’immortalité 13
Définitions et segmentations de l’intelligence artificielle 14
Histoire et technologies de l’intelligence artificielle 18
Des hivers au printemps de l’IA 18
Force brute et algorithmes traditionnels 23
Moteurs de règles et systèmes experts 24
Méthodes statistiques 25
Logique floue 26
Réseaux de neurones 27
Support Vector Machines 34
Machine learning et deep learning 35
Reconnaissance de la parole 38
Reconnaissance d’images 39
Reconnaissance de vidéos 41
Agents intelligents et réseaux d’agents 41
IBM Watson et le marketing de l’intelligence artificielle 44
La prouesse technique et marketing d’IBM Watson 44
L’approche écosystème de Watson 48
Les études de cas et projets d’IBM Watson 50
L’IA mis à toutes les sauces dans le marketing des start-ups 59
Startups US de l’intelligence artificielle 61
Cartographies des startups de l’intelligence artificielle 61
Deep Learning et Machine Learning 64
Moteurs d’analyses prédictives 68
IA pour la recherche visuelle 69
Robots conversationnels 71
Applications sectorielles du machine learning 73
Applications dans la santé 75
Startups acquises par les grands du numérique 78
Google 78
IBM 81
Microsoft 82
Apple 84
Facebook 84
Les avancées de l’intelligence artificielle – Olivier Ezratty – Mars-Mai 2016 – Page 4 / 159
Autres grands acteurs du numérique 86
Startups françaises de l’intelligence artificielle 87
La recherche en IA en France 87
Startups horizontales 88
Objets connectés 90
Commerce et marketing 92
Santé 94
Applications métiers 95
Modélisation et copie du cerveau 98
Imiter ou s’inspirer du cerveau humain 98
Les initiatives de recherche pour décoder le cerveau 100
La copie du cerveau n’est pas pour demain et heureusement 102
Evolutions de la loi de Moore et applications à l’intelligence artificielle 109
Algorithmes et logiciels 109
La loi de Moore dans la vraie vie 111
Puissance de calcul 116
Stockage 123
Capteurs sensoriels 126
Energie 129
Sécurité 130
La robotisation en marche des métiers 134
Les prévisions sur l’emploi et leurs limites 134
Revue de lectures 140
Les incertitudes sur la vitesse de la robotisation 150
Comment éviter de se faire robotiser 151
Et les politiques ? 153
Epilogue 156
Glossaire 158

Cours Intelligence artificielle 7

Télécharger le fichier PDF: Les avancées de l’intelligence artificielle

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